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Identification of Poor Households Programme (IDPoor)

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IDPoor Atlas

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Key Reports on Poor Households


The Identification of Poor Households Programme is led by the Ministry of Planning (MOP) in collaboration with the Department of Local Administration (DOLA) of the Ministry of Interior. The programme is implemented with funding by the Federal Republic of Germany, the European Union, AusAID, UNICEF, and the Royal Government of Cambodia, with technical assistance provided and coordinated by Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ).

Objective:

The overall objective of the MOP Identification of Poor Households Programme is to officially mandate National Standardised Procedures for Identification of Poor Households and to achieve their implementation throughout Cambodia.


What is Identification of Poor Households? Why do we need it?
In Cambodia, poverty-oriented development planning and service provision has not focused enough attention on targeting assistance to poor people. Where household targeting has been implemented, many institutions have developed and applied their own procedures and criteria for identifying beneficiaries. This means that results are not comparable with each other, and are generally also not shared with other organisations and institutions.

Identification of poor households, according to the procedures used by the Ministry of Planning and partner organisations, seeks to determine which households are poor and the poverty level of these individual households in rural villages. The purpose of identification of individual households is to directly target services and development assistance to the poorest households in a village in order to help lift them out of poverty and to protect them from the impact of shocks (e.g. serious illness, crop failure) which may deepen their poverty.

The Identification of Poor Households data can also be used for calculating comparative poverty levels of villages, communes, districts and provinces. Service providers can use this data for targeting poorer communes or villages, and the poor households within those areas.

In Cambodia there are many potential uses for data on poor households, such as the provision of free or discounted medical services (e.g. through Health Equity Funds or Social Health Insurance), scholarships or other financial support to poor school pupils and students, rural development and agriculture-related services, allocation of social concession land to the poor, and many other uses. There is also potential for developing conditional or unconditional cash transfer programmes. IDPoor is now an integral part of the Government’s National Social Protection Strategy 2011-2015, which was approved by the Council of Ministers on 18 March 2011. The NSPS states that

    “The RGC intends to make IDPoor the primary targeting methodology across all social protection schemes, while still allowing for the use of complementary methodologies where their use is justified.”


Where is Identification of Poor Households being conducted?

Target provinces 2007-2009:

Banteay Meanchey, Oddor Meanchey, Siem Reap, Kompong Thom, Kompong Cham, Kratie, Steung Treng, Svay Rieng, Prey Veng, Pursat, and Kompot provinces.
Target provinces 2010:

Banteay Meanchey, Oddor Meanchey, Siem Reap, Preah Vihear, Kratie, Pailin, Battambang, Pursat, Kompong Chhnang, Takeo, Kandal provinces (whole provinces, rural areas).
Target provinces 2011:

Ratanakiri, Mondulkiri, Kompong Speu, Prey Veng, Svay Rieng, Kompot, Kep, Preah Sihanouk, Koh Kong provinces (whole provinces, rural areas). NB: Kompong Thom and Kompong Cham provinces, and some areas of Phnom Penh, were also planned for 2011, but implementation has been cancelled due to funding bottlenecks. Implementation in these locations will be rescheduled as circumstances permit.

The Ministry of Planning and partner organisations (NGOs) carried out identification of poor households in a total of 7,114 villages in the years 2007-2009. Some provinces were covered partially, others fully. Since 2010, implementation of the IDPoor Procedures has been managed and coordinated exclusively by the MOP, and coverage is for whole provinces at a time, in rural areas. In 2010, around 6,460 villages were covered. In 2011, a further estimated 4,198 villages will be covered.

Please see the table below for more details of areas covered during the period 2007-2009, by the Ministry of Planning and by partner organisations.

Province

Operational Districts

Number

of villages (rural)

Remarks

Implementer *

2007





Kratie

Kratie

Chhlong

249

Whole province

MOP

Siem Reap

Kralanh

Sotnikum

464


MOP

Sihanoukville

Sihanoukville

94

Whole municipality

RHAC

TOTAL


807



2008





Oddor Meanchey

Samraong

231

Whole province

MOP

Siem Reap

Angkor Chum

Siem Reap

422

Completes rest of province

MOP

Kompong Cham

Chomkar Leu-Steung Trong

Cheung Prey-Batheay

Prey Chhor-Kong Meas

492


MOP

Kompong Cham

Tboung Khmum

212


RHAC

Prey Veng

Preah Sdach

Peareang

251


MOP

Battambang

Battambang

Sangke

126


URC

Banteay Meanchey

Preah Net Preah

Ou Chrouv

183


URC

Pursat

Bakan

152


URC

Kompong Chhnang

Kompong Chhnang

Boribo

Kompong Tralach

555

Whole province

RHAC

TOTAL


2624



2009





Svay Rieng

Chi Phu

Romeas Hek

Svay Rieng

684

Whole province

MOP

Kompong Thom

Baray-Santuk

Kompong Thom

Stong

732

Whole province

MOP

Kompot

Angkor Chey

Chhouk

Kompong Trach

Kompot

474

Whole province

MOP

Banteay Meanchey

Mongul Borei

214


MOP

Banteay Meanchey

Thmor Puok

137


PFD

Kompong Cham

Memut

Ponhea Krek-Dambae

398


MOP

Pursat

Sampouv Meas

344


MOP

Steung Treng

Steung Treng

125

Whole province

MOP

Battambang

Moung Russei

111


URC

Ratanakiri

Ratanakiri

240

Whole province

URC

Mondulkiri

Sen Monorom

90

Whole province

URC

Koh Kong

Smach Meanchey

Srae Ambil

134

Whole province

RHAC

TOTAL


3683



GRAND TOTAL 2007-2009

7114



Many areas covered by the Ministry of Planning, as well as partner organisations, are areas in which Health Equity Funds (HEFs) are operating. Many of these areas have substantial numbers of other types of service providers as well.

Procedures and Questionnaire
A key emphasis of the IDPoor Programme has been to use identification procedures that maximise implementation by government structures and village representatives, in order to build local capacity and enhance sustainability. The procedures also involve a high degree of participation by and consultation with villagers themselves. This increases the transparency of the process and the accuracy of the results, and therefore the acceptability to local people and to data users.

The process for identification of poor households consists of seven steps, which are summarised below.

  • Step 1: Establish and train the Planning and Budgeting Committee Representative Group (PBCRG) at the commune level
  • Step 2: Establish and train Village Representative Groups (VRGs)
  • Step 3: VRG compiles List of Households in the Village, conducts household interviews, considers special circumstances of households; and after a Commune Review Meeting, compiles and publicly displays the First Draft List of Poor Households in the village
  • Step 4: VRG conducts Village Consultation Meeting on First Draft List of Poor Households, receives villager complaints, prepares and displays Final Draft List of Poor Households, and submits the List to the Commune Council
  • Step 5: Commune Council reviews and approves Final List of Poor Households, sends data to Provincial Department of Planning; and distributes Equity Cards to poor households (after data entry and photography in Steps 6 and 7)
  • Step 6: Provincial Department of Planning enters all data and household photos into Provincial Database of Poor Households
  • Step 7: Photography of poor households

A standard questionnaire is used in all areas, in order to optimise comparability of the results of identification among households and among geographical regions (village, commune, district, province). The questionnaire consists of a set of commonsense proxy indicators for poverty, agreed by the national Working Group on Identification of Poor Households, which are mainly based on easily observable and verifiable assets, but also include a number of other issues such as dependency ratio, school attendance, crises or shocks, and household composition. Interviews are conducted by Village Representative Group members themselves, whose local knowledge makes it easier to verify whether respondents are accurately reporting their situation, as well as to assess the special circumstances of households.

You may download the Procedures and the Questionnaire used by the MOP for identification of poor households from the "General Information" panel at the bottom of this webpage.

Sub-Decree on Identification of Poor Households
The promulgation and promotion of a Sub-Decree on Identification of Poor Households (expected in 2011) will enhance efficiency by providing a legal basis to actively discourage duplication of effort in conducting identification of poor households. The sub-decree will mandate the Ministry of Planning as the sole government body responsible for managing identification of poor households, and the IDPoor Procedures as the standard national system for identification of poor households. It will also stipulate that in areas covered by the IDPoor Procedures, all service providers must use the IDPoor data as the primary method of targeting beneficiaries.

Database of Poor Households
A Database of Poor Households has been developed to support the implementation of identification of poor households, and to generate data for dissemination to service providers. This database was developed in Cambodia and is bilingual (Khmer and English). The database is designed so that data entry can be conducted on a distributed basis in different locations, and then consolidated at the national level.

Data is available on CD or DVD, or can be provided in the IDPoor data viewer software for specific regions. If your organisation or institution wishes to receive this data, please contact the IDPoor Programme on idpoor.database@mop.gov.kh

Please see sub-page Key Reports on Poor Households for details on the different types of reports available on CD-ROM or in the Database of Poor Households.

Looking Ahead
A key objective of the MOP is to work closely with the NCDD and Ministry of Interior to achieve the integration of identification of poor households as a routine task of Commune Councils and their support structures. Institutionalisation of this programme within these structures will promote its long-term sustainability, and the widespread use of data on poor households by commune councils as a tool for commune planning and development of social service projects.

Survey of Implementers and Stakeholders
In 2008, a Survey of Implementers and Stakeholders on Issues Relating to Identification of Poor Householders was conducted in the provinces of Kratie and Siem Reap. The report and the presentation may be downloaded from the "General Information" panel at the bottom of this webpage.

Further studies are being conducted during 2011, to verify whether 1) the process of implementation is transparent, fair, and follows good governance practices; 2) the data has an acceptable level of accuracy in identifying poor households and their level of poverty, and is accepted by the communities in which the identification process took place; and 3) the data is being widely used by large service providers, and for what purposes.

Further information about the IDPoor Programme may be obtained by contacting the IDPoor Programme at email: idpoor@mop.gov.kh or tel: (023) 220740. You may also contact the following persons directly:

Mr Keo Ouly
Programme Manager,

Ministry of Planning
Mobile: 855 (0)12 819549
Email: ouly.idpoor@gmail.com

 

Mr Bou Vanna
Public Relations Manager
Mobile: 855 (0)12 470245
Email: vanna.idpoor@gmail.com

 

 


Mr Som Chandararith
Deputy Team Leader
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit

Programme "Support to Identification of Poor Households Programme"
Tel: 855 (0)23 220740
Email: chandararith.som@giz.de



Sub-pages:

IDPoor Atlas

IDPoor Data Users/Stakeholders Form

Key Reports on Poor Households

    
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